Research, Development, and Demonstrations
This requires a solid foundation within research, development and demonstration.
Changing the energy system will require new innovative solutions, improvement of existing technologies, and development of new energy technologies to increase cost efficiency. In this connection, research, development, technology demonstrations for the energy sector, and greenhouse gas emission mitigation play a central role. But measures are also required for climate change adaptation technologies for already ongoing climate change.
Research, development, and demonstrations are a foundation for green growth
Research, development, and demonstrations of climate and energy technology have developed into a central political instrument, both in terms of energy and growth. The research underpins both the shift towards an independency of fossil fuels, as well as the growth in the Danish cleantech industry, which within just a few years has become an important element in the Danish economy, measured in terms of employment, export, and added value.
Significant rise in investments in research, development, and demonstrations of energy technology
The State’s investments in research, development, and energy demonstrations have risen significantly from 350m dkr. in 2005 to 1.1 billion dkr. in 2010.
One of the reasons for this can be found in the Energy Agreement of 2008, where an agreement was reached on a ”significant strengthening of research, development, and demonstrations efforts within the energy area.” The total public funding was increased to 750m dkr. in 2009, and to 1 billion dkr. in 2010.
It is to a large extent through the Globalisation Agreement that the Government has allocated funds for research, development, and demonstrations in the energy area.
Subsidy schemes for energy research and technology development
There is a series of subsidy schemes in place for research, development, and demonstrations in the energy area. There are five schemes that exclusively cover technology development and new energy technologies.
- The Danish Council for Strategic Research’s committee on sustainable energy and environment
- EUDP – Energy Technology Development and Demonstration Program. Read more about EUDP.
- Green Labs DK. Read more about Green Labs.
- Two PSO schemes for environmentally friendly electricity production, etc. and efficient electricity usage.
Furthermore, there are schemes where energy technology is part of the focus areas. This is the case for the Danish National Advanced Technology Foundation and the Green Development and Demonstration Program (GUDP).
Finally there are schemes that are applied post-education, and post-demonstration, and which include dissemination to the market. They include both ForskVE, which is a pure energy scheme, and the Business Innovation Fund, where energy is part of the program. Finally, one should mention Vækstfonden, which is a state-owned investment fund that may supply loans, equity and guarantees.
Research, development, and demonstrations in the climate area
Climate research, e.g. adaptation-related and within climate science, is carried out extensively, either as an integrated part of the universities basic research, or by private companies. Statistics from 2009 show that research valued at about DKK 750 million is carried out in Denmark on a yearly basis.