Renewable Energy in EU
Renewable energy is a collective term for bio-energy, wind energy, solar energy and other technologies that set themselves apart from coal and other fossil fuels in part by being CO2 neutral.
By using renewable energy sources, we ensure an efficient mitigation of the EU’s green house emissions; this is one of the reasons why the EU has decided that 20% of energy consumption must come from renewable energy sources by 2020. This requirement applies to all energy-consuming industries, such as energy, transport, agriculture and construction, but member states may themselves choose to focus their efforts within particular areas. The only exception to this is transport, where members are obliged to reach a level of 10% renewable energy from bio-fuels, renewable energy in electric cars, etc.
In 2011, the European Commission evaluated member states’ national action plans for the increased use of renewable energy. The conclusion was that the EU appears to be able to reach its target, but that it will be necessary to double investments. In Denmark, which after Great Britain has the most stringent Renewable Energy Development Requirements, we have already decided on a long list of initiatives, including subsidy schemes, which should bring us close to 30% renewable energy by 2020. With the presentation of "Our Future Energy" the government has proposed a substantial expansion of renewable energy which would mean that Denmark would more than meet its target.